Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, is an Indian scientist and administrator who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
- A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in a Tamil Muslim family to Jainulabdeen, a boat owner and Ashiamma, a housewife, at Rameswaram, located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
- Kalam is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
- Before his term as President, he worked as an aerospace engineer with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- He is the 11th President of India from year 2002 to 2007.
- He completed his school education at the Rameshwaram Elementary School.
- He went on to attend Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954.
- He then moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering.
- He worked as an aerospace engineer with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- He worked as an aerospace engineer with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- He was elected the President of India in 2002.
- He is currently a visiting professor at Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and Indian Institute of Management Indore.
- He is also the chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram.
|Year of award or honour||Name of award or honour||Awarding organisation|
|2012||Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa)||Simon Fraser University
|2011||IEEE Honorary Membership||IEEE
|2010||Doctor of Engineering||University of Waterloo
|2009||HONORARY DOCTORATE||Oakland University
|2009||Hoover Medal||ASME Foundation, USA
|2009||International von Kármán Wings Award||California Institute of Technology, U.S.A
|2008||Doctor of Engineering (Honoris Causa)||Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
|2007||King Charles II Medal||Royal Society, U.K.
|2007||Honorary Doctorate of Science||University of Wolverhampton, U.K
|2000||Ramanujan Award||Alwars Research Centre, Chennai
|1998||Veer Savarkar Award||Government of India
|1997||Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration||Indian National Congress
|1997||Bharat Ratna||Government of India
|1990||Padma Vibhushan||Government of India
|1981||Padma Bhushan||Government of India|